Phase 2: Prepare Methods Papers and Case Studies

** Several of the papers listed on this page are being published in an open access special issue of the Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis; many are now available on FirstView. Links to the published versions are provided below.**

The second phase of the project involves developing methods papers and case studies to support the extension of the iDSI Reference Case to include benefit-cost analysis. The initial drafts of these papers were reviewed by selected experts, posted online for public comment, and discussed in a November 2-3, 2017 workshop at Harvard University. These papers were then updated to reflect the many very thoughtful and helpful comments we received. We also solicited additional case studies to test and demonstrate the implementation of the recommendations in the methods papers.

We welcome your suggestions and comments, which can be emailed directly to the authors or to the project team ( If you prefer to submit your comments anonymously, please use our online form.

Methods Papers

The most recent version of each methods paper can be downloaded using the links below.

  • Valuing Mortality Risk Reductions in Global Benefit-Cost Analysis (2018 revision) (journal article), Lisa A. Robinson, James K. Hammitt, and Lucy O’Keeffe (Harvard University)
  • Valuing Nonfatal Health Risk Reductions in Global Benefit-Cost Analysis (2018 revision), Lisa A. Robinson and James K. Hammitt (Harvard University)
  • Accounting for the Timing of Costs and Benefits in the Evaluation of Health Projects Relevant to LMICs (2018 revision) (journal article), Karl Claxton (University of York)
  • Valuing Changes in Time Use in Low- and Middle-Income Countries (2018 working paper) (journal article), Dale Whittington (University of North Carolina) and Joseph Cook (Washington State University)
  • Assessing the Economy-wide Effects of Health and Environmental Interventions in Support of Benefit-Cost Analysis (2018 revision), Kenneth M. Strzepek (MIT), Collins Amanya (Ugandan Ministry of Water and Environment), and James E. Neumann (Industrial Economics)
  • Assessing the Distribution of Impacts in Global Benefit-Cost Analysis (2018 revision), Lisa A. Robinson and James K. Hammitt (Harvard University) with supplement by Matthew Adler (Duke University)
  • Valuing Protection against Health-Related Financial Risks (2018 revision) (journal article), Jonathan Skinner (Dartmouth College), Kalipso Chalkidou (Center for Global Development), and Dean Jamison (UCSF)

These methods papers build on our scoping report and discuss the conceptual framework, review the relevant literature, and suggest analytic approaches that can be feasibly implemented in the near‐term. They also identify priorities for future research. Although these papers will provide the basis for the benefit-cost analysis reference case guidance, that guidance may ultimately deviate from their recommendations in some areas.

Case Studies

The case studies developed to demonstrate the effects of the choices discussed in the methods papers can be downloaded using the links below.

  • Standardized Sensitivity Analysis in BCA: An Education Case Study (2018 revision), Elina Pradhan (World Bank) and Dean Jamison (University of California — San Francisco)
  • Benefit-Cost Analysis of a Package of Early Childhood Interventions to Improve Nutrition in Haiti (2018 revision), Brad Wong (Copenhagen Consensus Center)
  • Applying Benefit-Cost Analysis to Air Pollution Control in the Indian Power Sector (2018 working paper) (journal article), Maureen Cropper (University of Maryland and Resources for the Future), Sarath Guttikunda (UrbanEmissions.Info), Puja Jawahar (UrbanEmissions.Info), Zachary Lazri (University of Maryland), Kabir Malik (World Bank), Xiao‐Peng Song (Peking University and University of Maryland), and Xinlu Yao (University of Maryland)
  • Contribution of Water Resources Development and Environmental Management to Uganda’s Economy (2018), James E. Neumann (Industrial Economics), Collins Amanya (Ugandan Ministry of Water and Environment), and Kenneth M. Strzepek (MIT and Harvard University)
  • Comparing the Application of CEA and BCA to Tuberculosis Control Interventions in South Africa (2018), Thomas Wilkinson (University of Cape Town), Fiammetta Bozzani (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine), Anna Vassall (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine), Michelle Remme (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine), and Edina Sinanovic (University of Cape Town).
  • Benefit-Cost Analysis of Community-Led Total Sanitation: Incorporating Results from Recent Evaluations (2019), Mark Radin (University of North Carolina), Marc Jeuland (Duke University), Hua Wang (Renmin University), and Dale Whittington (University of North Carolina).

These case studies will support the development of the guidance in the third phase of this project as well as illustrate its application.