In recent years, several measures of children’s ECD status have been developed for large-scale use, including the Early Childhood Development Index from UNICEF’s Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (rounds 4 and 5; UNICEF, 2009-2015) and the Inter-American Development Bank’s Regional Project on Child Development Indicators (PRIDI). Presently, however, no measures of population-level ECD have been validated specifically for children ages 0 to 3 across developing countries, making cross-national comparisons of developmental status and progress for the youngest – and potentially most vulnerable – children impossible.
The Caregiver Reported Early Development Instruments (CREDI) were designed to serve as a population-level measure of early childhood development (ECD) for children from birth to age three. As the name suggests, the CREDI exclusively relies on caregiver reports, and thus primarily focuses on milestones and behaviors that are easy for caregivers to understand, observe, and describe.
We strongly encourage teams to keep the following 5 principles in mind when using the CREDI:
- The CREDI is an open-source tool developed for the global community. There are no fees or royalties involved with using CREDI.
- The CREDI has been tested in more than 15 high-, middle- and low-income countries, and is designed to be culturally and linguistically neutral. Adjustments of the tool to local contexts should not be necessary. In case some items seem too hard or not suitable, you should contact the CREDI research team before making adaptations.
- There are two versions of the CREDI: A Short Form, which has exactly 20 questions for each child, and a more detailed Long Form which has up to 100 questions per child. For large-scale surveys and monitoring efforts, we recommend the use of the Short Form. For research and evaluation projects, the Long Form will provide more domain-specific detail.
- The CREDI Short Form creates a summary score for children’s overall developmental status. The Long Form creates domain-specific developmental scores.
- The CREDI was designed as a population-level developmental assessment, and was not designed as an individual screening tool to detect early developmental delays or disorders.
This User Guide was developed to briefly review the aims of the CREDI and the steps necessary for planning a study that uses the CREDI. We recommend that users review this document in full before deciding whether and how to use the CREDI in their particular study. Other materials to further support the CREDI’s use are available on our website.
Please click here to take a look at the 17 countries in which the CREDI has been used so far.
Please click here for the latest research on early childhood development assessments and CREDI!
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The CREDI Team