Poor Sleep Quality, Antepartum Depression and Suicidal Ideation among Pregnant Women

A new research article written by our MIRT Fellows Gifty Addae and Beemnet Neway (New Zealand 2015) was accepted for publication in the Journal of Affective Disorders. This study investigates the association between sleep quality, depression, and suicidal ideation among pregnant women attending prenatal clinics in Lima, Peru.

Below is a brief abstract of the study “Poor Sleep Quality, Antepartum Depression and Suicidal Ideation among Pregnant Women.”

Objective: To evaluate the independent and combined associations of maternal self-reported poor sleep quality and antepartum depression with suicidal ideation during the third trimester METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1298 pregnant women (between 24 and 28 gestational weeks) attending prenatal clinics in Lima, Peru. Antepartum depression and suicidal ideation were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire was used to assess sleep quality. Multivariate logistical regression procedures were used to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) after adjusting for putative confounders.

Results: Approximately, 17% of women were classified as having poor sleep quality (defined using the recommended criteria of PSQI global score of >5 vs. ≤5). Further, the prevalence of antepartum depression and suicidal ideation were 10.3% and 8.5%, respectively in this cohort. After adjusting for confounders including depression, poor sleep quality was associated with a 2.81-fold increased odds of suicidal ideation (OR=2.81; 95% CI 1.78-4.45). When assessed as a continuous variable, each 1-unit increase in the global PSQI score resulted in a 28% increase in odds for suicidal ideation, even after adjusting for depression (OR=1.28; 95% CI 1.15-1.41). The odds of suicidal ideation was particularly high among depressed women with poor sleep quality (OR=13.56 95% CI 7.53-24.41) as compared with women without either risk factor.

Limitations: This cross-sectional study utilized self-reported data. Causality cannot be inferred, and results may not be fully generalizable.

Conclusion: Poor sleep quality, even after adjusting for depression, is associated with antepartum suicidal ideation. Our findings support the need to explore sleep-focused interventions for pregnant women.

Gelaye B, Addae G, Neway B, Larrabure-Torrealva GT, Qiu C, Stoner L, Luque Fernandez MA, Sanchez SE, Williams MA. Poor Sleep Quality, Antepartum Depression and Suicidal Ideation among Pregnant Women. Journal of Affective Disorders. J Affect Disord. 2016 Nov 18;209:195-200. PubMed PMID: 27930912.