Risk of Glucose Intolerance and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in Relation to Maternal Habitual Snoring During Early Pregnancy

A new research article written by our MIRT Fellow Wayne Lawrence (New Zealand 2015) was recently accepted for publication in PLoS ONE. Wayne’s study investigates the association between habitual snoring during early pregnancy with the risk of impaired glucose tolerance and gestational diabetes mellitus.

A brief abstract of the study “Risk of Glucose Intolerance and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in Relation to Maternal Habitual Snoring During Early Pregnancy” is below.

Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) or habitual snoring is known to be associated with impaired glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes among both men and non-pregnant women. We examined the association of habitual snoring during early pregnancy with risk of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

Methods: A cohort of 1,579 women was interviewed during early pregnancy. We collected information about snoring frequency during early pregnancy. Results from screening and diagnostic tests for IGT and GDM were abstracted from medical records.  Multivariate logistic regression models were fitted to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) of IGT and GDM associated with snoring in early pregnancy.

Results: Overall, women who snored “most or all of the time” had a 2.1-fold increased odds of IGT (OR 2.10; 95% CI 1.31-3.35) and a 2.5-fold increased odds of GDM (OR 2.50; 95% CI 1.34-4.67) as compared with women who never snored. Compared with lean women (pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) <25 kg/m2) who did not snore, lean snorers had a 2-fold increased odds of GDM (OR = 1.99, 95% CI: 1.07 – 3.68). The odds of GDM risk was particularly elevated among overweight women (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) who snored (OR = 5.01; 95% CI 2.71 – 9.26). However, there was no evidence of an interaction between overweight and snoring with GDM risk (p-value=0.144).

Conclusions: These findings, if confirmed, may have important implications for tailoring prenatal care for overweight pregnant women, and /or those with a history of habitual snoring in early pregnancy.

Qiu C, Lawrence W, Gelaye B, Stoner L, Frederick IO, Enquobahrie DA, Sorensen TK, Williams MA. Risk of glucose intolerance and gestational diabetes mellitus in relation to maternal habitual snoring during early pregnancy. PLoS ONE 2017, 12(9): e0184966. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0184966.

Read the full article here.